MarsEarth

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Colonial “Americans” – Yes, they did

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by Lawrence J. J. Leonard

How well do you know the hearts, minds, and battles of colonial “Americans” of the 1770s? Take the quiz.

Q.  When was The Declaration of Independence of the 13 British colonies against the Kingdom Great Britain written and by whom?

A.  It was written by Thomas Jefferson on July 2, 1776, one year after the American colonialists had already been fighting British troops imposing British Parliament punishments.

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Q.  Where does the term “Declaration of Independence” appear in the document?

A.  It is not in the document, rather it is a statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776.

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Q.  Why did the colonial settlers have grievances against Britain and the constitutional monarchy of King George III?

A.  They complained that the British Parliament’s Tax policy was imposed without any representation in the British Parliament. (No ,they didn’t!  Yes, they did.)

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Q.  What alarmed King George’s minister, Lord North, (Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford) Prime Minister of Great Britain (1770 to 1782), war effort leader?

A.  The American Revolution was a declaration that the 13 colonies to regarded themselves as 13 newly independent sovereign states, and no longer under British rule. They had been fighting British troops in Canada and in the colonial areas with militiamen.

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Q.  Which colony had yearly battles against British troops within their own boundaries after the Declaration was ratified?

A.  New Jersey:
1776 – December 26 – Battle of Trenton
1777 – October 22 – Battle of Red Bank
1778 – June 28 – Battle of Monmouth
1779 – August 19 – Battle of Paulus Hook
1780 – June 23 – Battle of Springfield

~~~~~~13 colony flag

The battles of the American Revolution were fought generally in the North, while the war shifted south after 1779. During the war, around 25,000 British citizens who were Pro-America died (nearly 8,000 in battle), while another 25,000 fell wounded.
The British losses numbered approximately 20,000 along with Hessian (German) 7,500 troops killed.

 

American Revolution Battles

1775
April 19 – Battles of Lexington & Concord – Massachusetts
April 19, 1775-March 17, 1776 – Siege of Boston – Massachusetts
May 10 – Capture of Fort Ticonderoga – New York
June 11-12 – Battle of Machias – Massachusetts (Maine)
June 17 – Battle of Bunker Hill – Massachusetts
September 17-November 3 – Siege of Fort St. Jean – Canada
September 19-November 9 – Arnold Expedition – Maine/Canada
December 9 – Battle of Great Bridge – Virginia
December 31 – Battle of Quebec – Canada

1776
February 27 – Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge – North Carolina
March 3-4 – Battle of Nassau – Bahamas
June 28 – Battle of Sullivan’s Island (Charleston) – South Carolina
August 27-30 – Battle of Long Island – New York
September 16 – Battle of Harlem Heights – New York
October 11 – Battle of Valcour Island – New York
October 28 – Battle of White Plains – New York
November 16 – Battle of Fort Washington – New York
December 26 – Battle of Trenton – New Jersey

1777
January 2 – Battle of the Assunpink Creek – New Jersey
January 3 – Battle of Princeton – New Jersey
April 27 – Battle of Ridgefield – Connecticut
June 26 – Battle of Short Hills – New Jersey
July 2-6 – Siege of Fort Ticonderoga – New York
July 7 – Battle of Hubbardton – Vermont
August 2-22 – Siege of Fort Stanwix – New York
August 6 – Battle of Oriskany – New York
August 16 – Battle of Bennington – New York
September 3 – Battle of Cooch’s Bridge – Delaware
September 11 – Battle of Brandywine – Pennsylvania
September 19 & October 7 – Battle of Saratoga – New York
September 21 – Paoli Massacre – Pennsylvania
September 26-November 16 – Siege of Fort Mifflin – Pennsylvania
October 4 – Battle of Germantown – Pennsylvania
October 6 – Battle of Forts Clinton & Montgomery – New York
October 22 – Battle of Red Bank – New Jersey
December 19-June 19, 1778 – Winter at Valley Forge – Pennsylvania

1778
June 28 – Battle of Monmouth – New Jersey
August 29 – Battle of Rhode Island – Rhode Island

1779
February 14 – Battle of Kettle Creek – Georgia
July 16 – Battle of Stony Point – New York
July 24-August 12 – Penobscot Expedition – Maine (Massachusetts)
August 19 – Battle of Paulus Hook – New Jersey
September 16-October 18 – Siege of Savannah – Georgia
September 23 – Battle of Flamborough Head (Bonhomme Richard vs. HMS Serapis) – waters off Britain

1780
March 29-May 12 – Siege of Charleston – South Carolina
May 29 – Battle of Waxhaws – South Carolina
June 23 – Battle of Springfield – New Jersey
August 16 – Battle of Camden – South Carolina
October 7 – Battle of Kings Mountain – South Carolina

1781
January 5 – Battle of Jersey – Channel Islands
January 17 – Battle of Cowpens – South Carolina
March 15 – Battle of Guilford Court House – North Carolina
April 25 – Battle of Hobkirk’s Hill – South Carolina
September 5 – Battle of the Chesapeake – waters off Virginia
September 6 – Battle of Groton Heights – Connecticut
September 8 – Battle of Eutaw Springs – South Carolina
September 28-October 19 – Battle of Yorktown – Virginia

1782
April 9-12 – Battle of the Saintes – Caribbean

Copyright © 1960-2016 Lawrence J. J. Leonard All rights reserved

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