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How they destroyed the American Indians – Part 1

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Timeline of US government activity and policies that destroyed the American Indians

Part One

The Native American Indians lived with and enforced treaties with the French government from 1524 until the mid-1700s.  The French and Indian Wars – the British wars against France and against Native American Indian peoples – were fought to stop British  colonialism in the Americas.

The Native American tribes supported the French who wanted to stop Britain from further colonizing western territories.  Britain won this ‘Seven Years’ War’ and ordered the Native American Tribes to accept British rule. 

This Seven Years’ War doubled Britain’s national debt.  King George III levied new taxes on its American colonies. This was met with resistance, until troops were called in, which ultimately led to the start of the American Revolutionary War.

The Native American Indians then sought aid from Britain to stop the New United States of America from colonizing the West and taking Native American lands.

1776    Chickamauga (faction of Cherokee) Wars (1776-1794)

The American Indians who sought help from the British Army to stop the New American Revolutionary government from colonization were:

  • Cherokee
  • The Iroquois League
  • The Mohawk
  • Onondaga
  • Cayuga
  • Tuscarora Tribes

The Americans Indians who lost their lives and their homelands were:

  • Cherokee
  • The Iroquois League
  • The Mohawk
  • Onondaga
  • Cayuga
  • Tuscarora Tribes

Since then, American Indian people:

  • have been vilified 
  • had their homelands taken by force
  • have been starved on US designated reservations
  • were victims of genocide and subsequently exterminated 

 by the US government to obtain land already occupied by the sovereign Native Nations of North America.
These facts are described in every United States History textbook. 

1785   Northwest Indian War (1785-1795) in Indiana and Ohio
US Army defeats the Native American Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers
The Americans Indians who lost their lives and their homelands were:

  • Wyandot (Huron)
  • Shawnee
  • Council of the Three Fires Ojibwe
  • Odawa
  • Potawatomi
  • Lenape
  • Miami
  • Kickapoo
  • Kaskaskia
  • Wabash Confederacy: Wea, Piankashaw, and others not listed here
  • Chickamauga Cherokee

 1811    Tecumseh’s War – Battle of Tippecanoe (1811-1813) in Indiana Territory
The Shawnee Tribe defeated by US Army and Lieutenant William Henry Harrison
Harrison became the 9th President of the USA.
1811    Creek War (1813-1814) in Alabama and Georgia
The Creek Tribe seeks aid from British government to quell a Creek civil war
US government intervenes and defeats the pro-British Red Stick faction using the US Army led by General Andrew Jackson
Jackson became the 7th President of the United States
As President, Jackson advocated the Indian Removal Act, passed by Congress in 1830, forcing removal of Native Creek peoples from their tribal homelands.
1813    Peoria War (1813) in Illinois
The US Army forces out American Indian Tribes from their Mississippi Valley homeland
The Americans Indians who lost their lives and their homelands were:

  • Potawatomi
  • Kickapoo
  • The Illinois or Illiniwek – a collection of 12 tribes in central Mississippi River valley
  • The Miami Tribe

1812    War of 1812, a 30-month military conflict pitted the US Army and Navy against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, British colonies, and Native Americans who allied with Britain.
The US declared war on June 18, 1812, to stop:

  • British trade restrictions brought about by the British war with France
  • American merchant sailors being forced into service of the British Royal Navy
  • Native American tribes from receiving British aid against American expansionism

The war resolved the British blockade of the US Atlantic coast, American-Canadian frontier claims, territorial claim in the American South and Gulf Coast regions. This included the US Army defeat of British troops and Native American freedom fighters at New Orleans.
1817    First Seminole War (1817-1818) in Florida
The Seminole Tribe, defending their homeland, defeated by US Army led by
General Andrew Jackson (see above) who invades Spanish Territory Western Florida.
Jackson orders the execution of two British citizens without US government permission. 

1827    Winnebago War (1827) in Wisconsin
US settlers and lead miners trespassed on Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) Tribe lands
The Winnebago Tribe members were forced to cede their homelands and lead mining rights.
1832    Black Hawk War (May 14 – August 2, 1832) in Northern Illinois and Southwestern Wisconsin
The US Army, led by General Henry Atkinson, defeated the American Indians who attempted to retake their homelands.  
Those captured were imprisoned.

The Americans Indians who lost their lives and their homelands were:

  • The Sauk
  • Meskwaki
  • Kickapoo Tribes (aka the “British Band”)

Abraham Lincoln served in the Illinois Militia during this conflict.
He received a 40-acre land grant for his service.
Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States.
The Department of Indian Affairs was soon established
1835    Creek Alabama Uprising (1835-1837) in Alabama and Georgia
US Army defeated The Creek Tribe and removed the Creek peoples from their native homelands to the Oklahoma reservations.
1835    Second Seminole War (1835-1842) in the Florida everglades
Several Native American Indian Tribes were forced off of their homelands
through the Treaty of Payne’s Landing, ordering Native Americans to move west
of the Mississippi River.
The Americans Indians who lost their lives and their homelands were:

  • Alabama
  • Choctaw
  • Yamasee
  • Yuchis and Creek people
  • The Creek Tribe
    • Lower Creeks
    • Upper Creeks
    • Hitchiti
    • Muscogee 

More coming soon

Copyright © 1960-2015 Lawrence J. J. Leonard  All rights reserved.

Author: SpindoctorUSA

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